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The notes in this book contain extensive bibliographical references. The present bibliography offers a list of recommended works for further reading. To say that they are "recommended" does not indicate full approval of these books or articles, either in their approach or in their conclusions. Rather, it indicates that each book and article, in whole or in part, contains important material for understanding Christian social roles for men and women. These books and articles often contain useful substantiation for the positions taken in the present volume or fuller developments of some of its arguments. Taken together they cover the same ground as this book.
On the New Testament Teaching:
Barth, M., Ephesians, Anchor Bible, (New York: Doubleday, 1974). Vol. 34 (Excursus on Head and Body), and Vol. 34a, (Section XI).
In this study Barth offers a highly developed exegesis of Eph 5:21-33. In doing so he goes beyond the passage itself to treat important issues which it raises. Overall, this is a very helpful study for the key New Testament texts.
Boucher, M., "Some Unexplored Parallels to 1 Cor 11:11-12 and Gal 3:28: The New Testament Role of Women," Catholic Biblical Quarterly, (Jan. 1969), pp. 50-58.
This is a brief, well-written article comparing some rabbinic texts with certain New Testament passages on men and women. It is most helpful for the clarity of its approach to Gal 3:28, where Boucher distinguishes between issues the passage might raise in a first century mind and those it might raise for people in the twentieth century.
Ryrie, C.C., The Role of Woman in the Church, (Chicago: Moody Press, 1970).
The best introductory survey of scripture and early church texts available. It is written from a conservative evangelical perspective and does not treat much of the recent discussion, scholarly or popular, on the subject, but it is more accurate than the feminist surveys that are available. His conclusions about the active role of women in community ministry differ from those here.
Sampley, J., "And the Two Shall Become One Flesh," (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1971).
This monograph is perhaps the best single exposition of Eph 5:21-33. Its work substantiates the exegetical positions of this book, although, because it deals only with the exegesis of the text, it does not attempt to address many of the issues treated here.
Zerbst, F., The Office of Woman in the Church, trans. A.G. Merkens, (St. Louis: Concordia, 1955).
Zerbst has written an excellent book on the subject. His very helpful survey, however, is intended to cover ministry in the church, and it treats only indirectly the issues concerning family. His work substantiates the positions taken in this book. Zerbst offers a useful European bibliographical survey, which unfortunately stops at 1955.
Background to the New Testament Teaching:
Derrett, J.D.M., Jesus' Audience, (New York: Seabury, 1973).
Derrett's first lecture provides a good survey of the social history of the New Testament as important background to the key texts and issues.
Jeremias, J., Jerusalem in the Time of Jesus, (London: SCM, 1973).
The section of the book entitled "The Maintenance of Racial Purity" is one of the most helpful surveys available of the role of birth and race insofar as they relate to Jewish social structure at the time of Jesus. This provides useful background to underlying concepts of social structure in the New Testament.
Strack, H.L. and Billerbeck, P., Kommentar zum Neuen Testament aus Talmud und Midrasch, (Munich, 1922-26).
All of the sections on the key texts are of value. This is a standard reference work, but it is surprisingly often ignored by feminist writers. It is an essential tool for viewing the New Testament against the rabbinic background, and its commentary is often illuminating.
Vos, C., Woman in Old Testament Worship, (Delft: Judels and Brinkman, 1968).
The central thesis of this book-that woman held a position of honor and importance in Old Testament Israel, and that she engaged in worship (although not under obligation as did her husband, who represented the family)—substantiates the position of this book. Not all of Vos's specific points are as sound as his main thesis, but the book is generally of value.
Danielou, J. ., The Ministry of Women in the Early Church, (London: Faith Press, 1961).
Danielou gives the best short summary and analysis of New Testament and Patristic evidence as it relates to the ministry of women. His work substantiates the positions of this book.
Gryson, R., Le Ministere des femmes dans 1'eglise ancienne, (Gembloux: Duculot, 1972).
Gryson offers the best full survey to date of the Patristic texts on the ministry of women in the church. His discussion of the issues involved, however, is often weak.
On the question of the authority of scripture and modern biblical scholarship:
Childs, B., Biblical Theology in Crisis, (Philadelphia: Westminster, 1970).
This book contains a helpful analysis of the problems of interpretation and modern biblical criticism. The analysis substantiates, in large part, and provides historical background for, the position of this book.
On Differences Between Men and Women:
Bardwick, J., Psychology of Women (New York: Harper and Row, 1971).
This is probably the best single book on the psychology of women. It harmonizes well with the position taken in the present volume.
van den Berge, P., Age and Sex in Human Societies: A Biosocial Perspective (Belmont, California: Wadsworth Publishing Company, Inc., 1973).
This is a fine summary of the differences between men and women, including chapters on such areas as primatology, cross-cultural studies, and psychology. It is honest, useful, and clear, although it is sometimes colored by a leftist political viewpoint.
Hutt, C., Males and Females (Ontario: Penguin, 1972).
This is an excellent brief summary of the differences between men and women, mainly from the point of view of psychology.
Mead, M., Male and Female (New York: Dell, 1949).
This book includes penetrating and insightful reflections on the social roles of men and women based on many years of crosscultural field experience.
Tiger, L., Men in Groups (New York: Vintage Books, 1969).
This book presents a challenging theory of the origin and function of men's and women's roles in the human social structure which has yet to be seriously answered. It goes beyond what is attempted in this book in its efforts to formulate a view of the origins of social structural differences between men and women, but presents a standpoint worth considering.
Tiger, L., and J. Shepher, Women in the Kibbutz (New York: Harcourt, Brace and Jovanovich, 1975).
This is a key sociological study documenting the resistance of men's and women's roles to radical ideological change. It points to the biological origin of men's and women's roles.
Social History and Cultural Analysis:
Aries, P., Centuries of Childhood (London: Jonathan Cape, 1962), and "The Family, Prison of Love," Psychology Today, (August 1975), pp. 53-58.
These writings give an eye-opening and currently very influential perspective on the social history of the family. They are useful for understanding social life in traditional societies and therefore for understanding social life in New Testament society.
Berger, P., et al., The Homeless Mind (New York: Random House, 1973).
Berger gives a fine sociological analysis of the elements of technological society and its approach to personal relationships. His analysis supports much of what is said in this book.
Ellul, J., The Technological Society (New York: Knopf, 1973).
This book is a profound analysis of the development of technological society. Its scope is much wider than that of the present volume, but its reservations about the quality of life in technological society support the conclusions drawn here.
Laslett, P., The World We Have Lost (London: Methuen, 1965).
Laslett describes concretely many of the differences between traditional society and technological society. This book is helpful background for understanding the social context for traditional men's and women's roles.
Levy, M. J., Jr., Modernization: Latecomers and Survivors (New York: Basic Books, 1972).
A prominent sociologist points out many of the important but unnoticed social novelties of modern society. This book is short, readable, and helpful.
Lutzbetak, L., The Church and Cultures, (South Pasadena: William Carey Library, 1975).
This book is a basic presentation of cultural anthropology as applied to Christian pastoral and missionary work. It provides a perspective on culture that is the same as the framework of this book.
Nisbet, R.A., The Quest for Community (New York: Oxford University Press, 1969).
An excellent work of social and intellectual history with an analysis very similar to that found in this volume. This book traces the loss of community in modern society to the rise of individualism, the modem nation-state, and the destruction of important intermediate groupings such as the family, the church community, and the guild.
Men's and Women's Roles in the Modern World: Special Problems
Gilder, G.F., Sexual Suicide (New York: Quadrangle, 1973).
This is a helpful analysis of modern problems in the area of men's and women's roles. Gilder takes a different approach from the present volume, but provides a useful view on the dangers of the feminist program.
Sexton, P.C., The Feminized Male (New York: Vintage, 1969), and "How the American Boy is Feminized," Psychology Today, Vol. 3, No. 8, Jan. 1970, pp. 23-29, 66-67.
Sexton raises important questions about modern changes in the American male. The book provides a helpful analysis of the difficulties, though it is almost completely lacking in an understanding of social roles.
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This new curriculum is aimed at Christians who are facing challenging questions with the rise of LGBT ideology on topics like homosexuality, transgenderism, gender dysphoria, intersex conditions, preferred pronouns, and more. The study is broken down into eight chapters that guide readers through the Bible’s teaching on gender, sexuality, and marriage. Male & Female He Created Them gives Christians with a biblical foundation that starts in Genesis 1 and 2 with God’s good design in making mankind male and female in His image.
Male & Female He Created Them: A Study on Gender, Sexuality, & Marriage can be purchased online at Christian Book, Christian Focus, Amazon, and Barnes & Noble.